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What is Research: An Example

Finding Information: An Example

There is nothing more frustrating than building a THEORY and CONTEXT on your own, then being unable to find any supporting sources!  Instead, gradually build your argument based on what you find. When building up a set of questions be sure to:

  • use information sources to guide you in the process  and let the information retrieved help you CREATE a hypothesis (general theory) then PROVE a hypothesis

NOTE: both the encyclopedia and book used below:

  • do not SPECIFICALLY mention Kensington Market, instead, they offer
  • THEORETICAL and CONTEXTUAL frames for your interpretations and on-site analysis of the SPECIFIC case-study neighbourhood.

Case-Study: Kensington Market (Toronto)


When searching for a “general theory” to understanding urban planning, the entry on “Urban Environments and Human Behavior” from The Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology  offers a seminal glossary of terms that you can then use to:
  • translate your thoughts on the topic into terminologies used in urban planning
  • create new keywords to use when searching for books or journal articles

Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Ed. Charles Donald Spielberger. Oxford: Elsevier, 2004. Credo Reference. Web

Now begin evaluating these urban behaviours in CONTEXT by searching for books using:

  • key terms from the encyclopedia entry
  • recommended related articles 
  • the bibliography of books and journal articles listed to find key authors on your topic

Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Modern Library, 1961/2011.  Call Number: NA9030 J2

Moser, Gabriel. "Urban Environments and Human Behavior." Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Ed. Charles Donald Spielberger. Oxford: Elsevier Science & Technology, 2004. Credo Reference. Web. 8 Apr. 2016.