Although more properly termed as "Serials" (i.e. publications that are released in a predictable series), the term "Periodicals" is more widely recognizable. This latter term designates items that are published periodically (thus, sometimes referring only to magazines, journals or annuals).
The major types of serial publications include:
scholars, academics, researchers, professional practitioners;
peer-reviewed journals use advisory boards of scholars to vet articles, so contribute to the authorial voice
special interest groups and practitioners of or experts on these fields such as artists, designers, interior designers, architects, etc.
|professional practitioners in special interest groups such as artists, designers, interior designers, architects, etc.||journalists, internal editorial staff, freelance writers, or large international news-wire agencies
|Publishers||university presses, professional organizations||private commercial companies or non-profit organizations||professional associations or non-profit organizations usually in various fields of design||private commercial companies, or non-profit organizations; newspapers usually employ fact-checking editorial staff; some national news sources (for ex. the CBC) are funded by governments.|
|Audience||scholars, academics, researchers, professional practitioners||special interest groups (such as artists, designers, interior designers, architects, etc.) or the general public||professional practitioners in special interest groups (such as artists, designers, interior designers, architects, etc.)||the general public|
|Sources Used||peer-reviewed research, scholarly publications, technical guidelines, governmental documents.||secondary or primary sources may be used, especially for more critically recognized publications; however, sources and authors are generally only mentioned in the body of the article's text.||secondary sources are not used, unless in referencing biographical information for designers; all content is based on award-winning creative work by designers.||secondary sources may be used, although will not be cited; all articles should be "fact-checked" by editorial staff|
|Are Citations Used?||YES: materials are cited using scholarly standards such as MLA, APA, or Chicago Style.||NO: secondary or primary sources may be referenced, although are generally not be cited||NO: occasionally works published by award-winning designers may be listed in biographical entries or profession CVs.||NO|
|Frequency of Publication||quarterly or bi-annually||monthly or occasionally weekly||annually||daily|
|Are there Advertisements?||NO: generally none are included; journals are financed by universities or professional organizations||YES: advertisements are a key source of revenue for magazine publishers||NO: funding is provided by professional organizations; of course, some annuals include examples of advertisements, but these are shown as professional juried selections of award-winning designs||YES: advertisements are a key source of revenue for newspaper publishers|
|Why are they Published?||
There are two options for finding out what periodicals are in the library's print collection:
Like all information, you do want to ask questions about what you are reading: