A JOURNAL is a periodical that:
- publishes articles, essays, or research papers
- has content subject to a peer-review process
- includes bibliography and detailed footnotes or endnotes.
What is the peer-review process?
- before any article is published, it must be read and approved by a board of scholars who decide whether it is worthy of being included in a scholarly journal
What is the benefit of peer-review?
- to advance scholarship or critical dialogue in a field of study for academic audience
- to share results of research studies
- to provide a forum for researchers to comment or critique other research studies
- to access information that is not only the research of an individual author, but also incorporates the knowledge of a board of advisors, so the article is a more dialogic form of publishing
Who maintains the peer-review process?
- academic researchers and scholars
- universities, academic organizations or scholarly presses:
How do I know if a journal is peer-reviewed?
Check the first few pages of the periodical to see:
- if it is published by a university or academic organization OR
- if a there is an advisory board listed OR
- if the submission guidelines for articles describe the peer-review process OR
- ask a librarian or a faculty member
For examples of how to evaluate a periodical for peer-review, see examples from: