Research is a thoroughly individualized process; however, it is important to understand standard approaches in order to begin mastering this skill. Similar to studying an artistic medium like painting, you must learn basic techniques (line, form, composition, perspective) before expressing yourself creatively through painting on canvas.
At a most basic level, there are six basic standards or "core competencies" where information literate researchers:
These standards are useful; however, in a creative research environment, they do not effectively interact with the organic nature of creativity. In 2016, a new Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education was introduced that provides exciting, more conceptually engaging "frames" for researchers. The goals, known as "threshold concepts," are:
"Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education." Association of College & Research Libraries. 2016. www.ala.org/acrl/standards/ilframework
"Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education." Association of College & Research Libraries. 2000. www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency