Although research is a thoroughly individualized process, try interpreting this model to alternate environments; for example:
- In the course “Space and Place in Urban Planning,”the syllabus requires students to “read” the built environment by becoming adept in researching, investigating, and interpreting communities.
- Each of these actions will be conducted differently according to what mode of reasoning you use:
Of course, creative research should not be overly constrained, so you may want to consider using
- Abductive Reasoning: a form of reasoning that takes accepted knowledge and infers the ‘best available’ explanations for what is observed. Whereas
- deduction works from a general theory (hypothesis) down to particular examples
- induction moves from particular examples up to general theory (hypothesis), then
- abductive reasoning infers relationships from observations rather than asserting them.
Abduction presents a ‘provisional’ account for what has been observed, either inviting further empirical [inductive] investigation that might sustain the explanation or, conversely, encouraging deductive work ...